What are Personality Disorders? – An Inside Look at the Different Types & Treatments of Personality Disorders

Mental health is essential for human well-being, and it’s vital to understand its impact on our lives. There are various conditions that affect mental health, and one of them is personality disorders. Personality disorders are enduring and inflexible patterns of uncommon behavior that cause distress to the affected individual. These disorders usually begin in early adulthood and can significantly impact a person’s life. Today, we’ll take an inside look at the different types of personality disorders and the treatments available in a qualified health center.

The important thing to understand regarding personality disorders is that they negatively affect the specific traits that shape a person’s character and, thus, their identity as a whole. There are ten kinds of personality disorders divided into three clusters: Cluster A, Cluster B, and Cluster C. The most common types of personality disorders are borderline, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive and antisocial personality disorders, and they all have unique features.

Borderline Personality Disorder exhibits symptoms of manic-depressive disorder, including unstable moods, impulsivity, and an intense fear of abandonment. Narcissistic Personality Disorder presents as a grand feeling of self-importance, an obsessive need for admiration and a lack of empathy for other people. Antisocial Personality Disorder features a severe disregard for other individuals and their rights, leading to a tendency to engage in risky activities and substance abuse that’s only further enhanced by the lack of a sense of remorse and empathy. Finally, Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder includes an inexplicable obsession with order, complete control of every aspect of daily life and perfection. As a result, these individuals are usually anxious, fearful, and insecure.

Personality disorders depend on both biological and environmental factors. Research shows that genetics and childhood experiences, especially emotional trauma and abuse, can predispose an individual to personality disorders. That said, an individual’s development and maturation stage in life also play a role in the subsequent emergence of personality disorders.

The available personality disorder treatments aim to improve the quality of life of the affected individual. A proper mental health center will provide specialized care and attention depending on the type of personality disorder and each person’s specific needs. Personality disorder treatments should be holistic and individualized to address the underlying causes. In other words, treating symptoms alone does not yield long-term benefits, and, in most cases, treatment requires a comprehensive approach that can target the root causes of personality disorders.

Psychotherapy is an excellent treatment method for personality disorders. It entails structured interactions between a patient and a qualified therapist to assist the individual in regulating emotions and managing behavior in response to life events and interactions with others. Psychoanalysis is another treatment technique used in treating personality disorders. It embraces in-depth discussions between a therapist and a patient to explore the patient’s feelings, thoughts, and behaviors.

Clinical hypnotherapy is an additional treatment that can help individuals with personality disorders reduce anxiety, improve self-esteem, and manage symptoms. This form of therapy uses guided relaxation, intense concentration, and focused attention to achieve heightened awareness, allowing access to the subconscious mind and thus helping address deep-seated issues that contribute to personality disorders. Other personality disorder treatments offered by a qualified mental health center may include cognitive-behavioral, dialectical behavior and schema therapy.

On a final note, personality disorders are complex conditions that can significantly affect a person’s life and identity. Nevertheless, with the right treatments and proper mental health care support, individuals can improve their quality of life and manage the effects. A qualified health center can offer individualized holistic treatments to target the cause and not merely the symptoms. Although proper personality disorder treatments require patience and aren’t an overnight process, the long-term results are certainly rewarding.

If you believe you or a loved one may be experiencing personality disorder symptoms, it is imperative that you consult a mental health center for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. Because, after all, seeking mental health care is always a sign of strength, never an indication of weakness.